Referencing (APA etc.)
To cite or refer is to indicate where you have obtained information from, which sources you have used. This should be done in certain ways.
Correct use of references is a requirement in all academic work. When referring to sources in text or setting up a bibliography, you must follow a specific reference style. The most frequently used reference style on HiOA is APA.
Reference styles in use at HiOA
Technology, Art and Design:
Exceptions: Department of Mechanical, Electronics and Chemical Engineering uses Harvard and Vancouver
- Education and International Studies: APA
Exception: Pharmacy, biomedicine and radiography use Vancouver
Exception: Archivistics, Library and Information Sciences have their own guidelines for APA
Guidelines from your study program
Your study may have their own guidelines for academic writing and referral. It may therefore be useful to ask them what rules apply to your subject.
Read more about referencing, reference styles, etc.
The Citation Compass (Kildekompasset)
It is easier to keep track of your references and getting the correct reference style with EndNote citation/reference management software. Students and employees at HiOA may download EndNote free of charge.