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UTVB2400 Media and Development

The course description was approved 1 June 2016 by the Academic Affairs Committee and established by the Dean 9 June 2016 at the Faculty of Education and International Studies. Latest revision approved by the Academic Affairs Committee 11 May 2017. Minor revision made 20 December 2017. Valid from spring semester 2018.                                


The Faculty of Education and International Studies at the Oslo and Akershus University College of Applied Sciences (hereinafter referred to as HiOA) offers interdisciplinary courses in Development Studies and North-South relations, leading to a Bachelor’s degree in Development Studies comprising 180 ECTS credits. The module in “Media and Development” is a course at the intermediate level, 4th semester in the BA programme. Fulfilled requirements and a passable grade entitle the student to 10 ECTS credits.

This interdisciplinary course seeks to combine perspectives from the social sciences and the humanities on media and development. Drawing on contributions from various disciplines the course is concerned with historical processes of media, their uses and the social consequences of media practices.

The language of instruction is English or Norwegian, depending on the language proficiencies of the student body. However, students may submit assignments in English, Norwegian, Swedish or Danish.

Admission Requirements

The course is open to students who have completed at least a one-year introductory course in Development Studies at HiOA or equivalent courses at other institutions of higher eduaction in Norway or abroad.

Learning Outcome

Upon successful completion of the course, the student should master these learning outcomes:


The student

  • knows the main analytical approaches and key themes and terms in the study of media and development on a global scale.
  • knows different perspectives on how media is connected to social change and development.


The student

  • can reflect critically on various types of perspectives on the relationship between media and development.
  • is able to build transferable analytical skills of media and development across the global South.

General competence

The student

  • knows how to link media and development to cross-cultural issues.
  • is able to apply this knowledge in new academic contexts.


The course will outline various traditions in the study of media in society, encompassing ‘non-media-centric media studies’, and the relation to development. The theme of media and development will be approached widely and with an emphasis on the global South.

Learning and Teaching Forms

The course is a full-time academic programme lasting four to six consecutive weeks, offered in the spring semester. The course will consist of lectures and seminars with active student participation.

Course Work Requirements

To qualify to sit for the final exam, each student is required to write an academic paper of 2000 words (+/-10 %) on a given topic. This will enable the student to engage with the course literature and critically reflect on a particular topic. Papers must be handed in digitally through HiOA’s Learning Management System and within the stipulated deadline. No individual supervision will be provided for this paper, but students will be able to work on their papers in course seminars.

The paper will be assessed as either “approved” or “not approved”. Students who do not get the required pass, may rewrite and resubmit their paper once within a given deadline. Students who due to illness or other documented reasons for legal absence fail to submit this coursework requirement with the set deadline, will be given a new submission deadline. In this case, the student must present the documents confirming his/her illness.


The final assessment of this module consists of a four-hour written exam. The exam will be jointly marked by an internal and an external examiner, applying the following grading scale: A to E for pass and F for no pass.

New/postponed exam

In case of failed exam or legal absence, the student may apply to sit for a new or postponed exam. New or postponed exam will be offered within a reasonable time after the regular exam. Submission and assessment of this will be in accordance with the conditions originally applicable.
The student is responsible for applying to sit for a new or postponed exam within the deadlines stipulated by HiOA and the Faculty of Education and International Studies. The regulations governing examinations are stipulated in the document “Regulations relating to Studies and Examinations at Oslo and Akershus University College”.


Spring 2018

The required reading for this course is approximately 700 pages.


Please note:

Abu-Lughod (2005), Hepp (2013) and Tufte (2017) will be available in the bookstore. Journal

articles can be downloaded from the HiOA library web site, when logged in as a registered

user, or as open access files as indicated below. Castells (2010) and Arntsen (2010) will be

provided as pdf files.



Abu-Lughod, Lila. 2005. Dramas of Nationhood. The Politics of Television in Egypt. Chicago

& London: The University of Chicago Press. (Approximately 240 p.)


Theories, Concepts and Disciplinary Development

Castells, Manuel. 2010. The Rise of the Network Society. Vol 1, second edition. Maldon,

Mass.: Wiley-Blackwell. Chapter 1: The Information Technology Revolution, (pp. 28-

76). (49 p.)

Helle-Valle, Jo. 2015. “Medieantropologi”, Norsk Antropologisk Tidsskrift, Vol. 26 no. 1, s.

56–74 (18 p.) (Students who do not master Norwegian will, in cooperation with course

leaders, choose another text.)

Hepp, Andreas. 2013. Cultures of Mediatization. Cambridge: Polity Press. (Chapters 1, 2, 3, 6

and 7. (86 p.)

Morley, David. 2009. ‘For a materialist, non-media-centric media studies’, Television & New

Media 10: 114-116. (3 p.)

Willems, Wendy. 2014. “Provincializing Hegemonic Histories of Media and Communication

Studies: Toward a Genealogy of Epistemic Resistance in Africa.” Communication

Theory, 24: 415–434 (20 p.)


Media, Politics and Protests

Arntsen, Hilde. “2010. Committing journalism? A view of the Zimbabwean 2008 general

election as interpreted by internet news cartoons.” Communicare, 29: 18-41. (24 p.)

Bosch, Tanja. 2017. ‘Twitter activism and youth in South Africa: the case of

#RhodesMustFall’. Information, Communication & Society, 20: 221-232. (12 p.)

Ekström, Ylva; Anders Høg Hansen & Hugo Boothby. 2012. “The Globalization of the

Pavement: A Tanzanian Case Study”, in Florencia Enghel & Karin Wilkins (eds.)

Communication, Media and Development: Problems and Perspectives, Nordicom

Review Special Issue, Vol. 33, Sept 2012. (pp. 163 – 175) (12 p.) Open access, can be

downloaded here: http://www.nordicom.gu.se/sv/publikationer/nordicomreview/


Pype, Katrien. 2016. “‘[Not] talking like a Motorola’: mobile phone practices and politics of

masking and unmasking in postcolonial Kinshasa.” Journal of the Royal

Anthropological Institute, 22: 633-652. (20 p.)


Communication for Development

Perlman, Harriet; Shereen Usdin & Jenny Button. 2013. “Using popular culture for social

change: Soul City videos and a mobile clip for adolescents in South Africa”,

Reproductive Health Matters, 21(41): 31-34. (4 p.)

Tufte, Thomas. 2001. “Entertainment-Education and Participation: Assessing the

communication strategy of Soul City”, The Journal of International Communication, 7

(2): 25-50. (25 p.)

Tufte, Thomas. 2017. Communication and social change. A citizen perspective. Cambridge:

Polity Press. Chapters 1-4 + 8 (120 p.)

Wallis, Cara. 2011. “Mobile phones without guarantee: The promise of technology and the

contingencies of culture.” New Media & Society, 13: 471-485 (15 p.)


Popular Culture and Development

De Lopes, Maria Immacolata Vassallo, 2012. “Telenovelas and Human Rights: Fiction

Narrative as a Communicational Resource”, in Aimée Vega Montiel (ed.):

Communication and Human Rights, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México &

International Association for Media and Communication Research. (pp. 129 – 148).

(19 p.) Open access, can be downloaded here: https://iamcr.org/congress/mexico-


Lim, Joanne B Y. 2013. “Video blogging and youth activism in Malaysia”, International

Communication Gazette, 2013 75: 300 -321. (21 p.)

Ponono, Mvuzo & Herman Wasserman. 2016. “It’s 50/50 … The township home as a context

of viewing.” Communicatio, 42: 79-96. (18 p.)

(Literature list last updated: 18 December 2017)

About the course

Medier og utvikling Bachelor’s Programme in Development Studies 10 ECTS 4. semester English or Norwegian 2017-2018
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