Migration and integration
The major issues in migration and integration research are why people move across borders, how immigrants take part in society and how society over time is affected and changed as a result of international migration . At NIBR research is interdisciplinary in all these areas.
The majority of NIBR's research on migration and integration is related to the following topics
- Immigrants’ settlement and mobility patterns.
- Immigrants' housing conditions and segregation.
- Integration in different spheres; civil society, housing and employment.
- Immigrants strategies in the housing market.
- Immigration in local development.
- Integration policies at national and local level.
- How policies affect inclusion and exclusion of immigrants.
- Transnational ties: links between sending and recipient countries.
- Living conditions of immigrants and asylum seekers.
- Immigrants' access to health care.
- Discrimination and equal opportunity.
Over the past decades, immigration to Norway has increased significantly in scope and the composition of immigrants has changed rapidly. This demographic trend involves new opportunities but also challenges in different parts of the country. NIBR researchers work across disciplines to analyze migration patterns in the immigrant population and integration of various immigrant groups with respect to housing, labour and civil society. Research on urban and rural places is a central theme in many of the projects in NIBR’s different departments. Immigrants make up a significant and growing proportion of the population In cities, but also in several rural municipalities. This development means that NIBR's expertise in research themes, such as urban and rural place and migration and integration processes, can be combined in several projects.
Immigration and integration policies in Norway evolve constantly and are affected by international, national and local conditions. At NIBR, scientists are working to analyze and evaluate the impact of changes in immigration and integration policies at different levels. An example of this is how variation in the municipal organization of the introduction program affects immigrants' transition into employment and education. Researchers at NIBR has expertise in a range of migration-related issues , such as the relationship between ethnic minorities and the institutions of the welfare state such as child welfare service, the use of interpreters and municipal planning a for a diverse population.
In an increasingly globalized world of increased mobility and easier communication the analysis of relations between the country of origin and receiving countries and of migration and integration are important . Such transnational networks affect migration flows and immigrant inclusion in the host society. Researchers at NIBR have expertise on key sending countries and specific immigrant groups in Norway originating from many of the same countries including Russia, Poland and the Baltic countries, Sri Lanka, Horn of Africa, sub-Saharan Africa, as well as extensive knowledge of the immigrant population from major sending countries like Pakistan and Somalia.
Migration and Integration research at NIBR is mainly financed by project funding from the Norwegian Research Council, government ministries and directorates.