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Tegnspråk og tolking

Exposure of individuals in journalism

The research group Index investigates different forms of individual exposure in journalistic media, developments over time, and values associated with individualism.

Our area of research

In recent decades, journalism has increasingly exposed individuals. The research group Index develops knowledge about this development in Norway and other countries. The group studies how various trends in society lead to individualisation in journalism, its practical outcomes, and how individualisation within journalism in turn influences social development. An important aim is to strengthen the basis for discussion with the profession's practitioners and the public at large.

Index researches journalistic exposure of individuals in both a historical and a contemporary and partly comparative perspective. The researchers are investigating how the focus on the subject has influenced such diverse fields as politicians’ appearance and reputation, gay peoples’ standing in society, readers’ roles in journalism and increasing subjectivity on the part of the journalists.

Key questions for the research group:

  • In what ways are individuals exposed in the journalistic media?
  • How has the individual's role in journalism, and the values ​​and norms attributed to actors in journalistic stories, changed over time?
  • What changes and tendencies in culture and society has led to, or facilitated, the increased exposure of individuals in journalism?
  • How can journalism shape the perception of the status and of the roles the individual has or should have in society?

Activities and network

Index cooperates with researchers from other Norwegian institutions and other European countries. In 2015, the publisher Cappelen Damm Academic released the group’s first book, an edited collection with contributions from mainly Norwegian members: The Individual in Journalism (Hornmoen, Roksvold, Alnæs (eds.). Our second book is an international open access collection – Putting A Face on It. Individual Exposure and Subjectivity in Journalism . The collection was published in 2017, and can be downloaded here.

Index, situated at OsloMet’s Faculty of Social Sciences, also cooperates with the university’s Faculty of Health Sciences. We are currently working on a third collection, an open access collection to be published in 2019. The working title is Individualization of Health Issues in Media. Journalistic practices, patient narratives and authorities’ strategies. The group holds annual international seminars in which members develop papers, articles and book chapters for Index publications and for international conferences and journals. An important aim for INDEX members is to apply for external funding, particularly from relevant programs in EUresearch. We have included - and will continue to include - students in our work.


Index sheds light on its research questions by applying various methods, with special emphasis on narrative analysis, critical discourse analysis, rhetorical analysis, content analysis and analysis of interpretative frameworks (frames). Theoretically, we are working with fields like narratology, discourse theory and political theory, and with phrases such as “personalisation” journalistic “subjectivity” and “individualisation”.

Norwegian version